Ilmajoen Puukko or Hattutuppipuukko

While writing a post about Annsi Ruusuvori I was introduced to a type of puukko known as a hattutuppipuukko, or “hat sheath puukko”. Annsi had reproduced a pair that is in the Finnish Museum and I thought they were very interesting and unique, unlike anything I’d seen. These puukkos originated in Ilmajoki, and in the Southern Ostrobothnian region of Finland in the mid to late 1800’s. I wanted to know more and asked my friend Saku Honkilahti about them. Here is his reply:

“I live in Jalasjärvi and Ilmajoki is neighboring municipality. An Ilmajoen puukko really is a hattutuppi. I presume, that these hattutuppis were made by professional shoemakers or something and the puukko itself is homemade or a so called maasepän puukko.

That kind of sheath was quite expensive and it is usual that sheath would remain but puukkos vary and were replaced when worn out or broken. An interesting detail is, that the hattutuppis usually don’t have a lesta (a form fitting wooden liner) inside. And as you know, the lesta is very typical for Finnish sheaths.

In the old days, hattutuppis were a little bit like any bag, you could throw in any kind of puukko you have. Because of this “hattu”, your puukko is secured in, even if the fit isn’t even close to perfect.

Usually puukkos in hattuppis are large, larger than an average puukko.
Usual blade length may be 10cm and over and very thick also, really clumsy workhorses. Nothing nice or glamorous as you can see from the Finnish Museum website.

So a hattutuppi is really different animal, compared to a Tommi puukko or similar, which are made by professional puukkoseppäs and fit together perfectly. The hattutuppi is kind of a forgotten piece of Finnish puukko history.”

This style of puukko was popular more than 100 years ago. As far as I know Annsi Ruusuvori is the only puukkoseppä who has made the hattutuppipuukko. I think it’s a style worth reviving and I’d like to see them being made again.

These hattutuppipuukkos all originate from southwestern Finland. All photos are from The Finnish Museum website Suomen Museot Online




Hattu1 Hattu2











Here are the two by Annsi Ruusuvori that are featured in an previous post:

Anssi 3

Anssi 4

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